What is a paint?
Paint is a coating applied to a wall/door surface in the form of a liquid dispersion, which then forms a solid film upon hardening. Paint is usually used for the purpose of final finishing of surfaces in order to make them appear colorful, and for protection from moisture and termites.
What are the components of a paint?
Paints are usually manufactured by mixing various ingredients in balanced proportions. A paint is made up of the following important components:
(ii) Inert filler or extender
(iii) Vehicle or Binder
(iv) Solvent or Thinner
(vi) Coloring pigment
What are the functions/uses of a paint?
The following are the functions and uses of paints in general:
(i) Protecting of the coated surface against possible stresses – mechanical and chemical
(ii) Protecting of the surface against deterioration – physical and environmental
(iii) Providing colorful looks and making the surface visually appealing
(iv) Making the surface smooth
(v) Checking the penetration of water through RCC
(vi) Checking the formation of bacteria and fungus
(vii) Checking the corrosion of metal structures
(viii) Checking the decay of wood
(ix) Protecting the surface from moisture and termites
(x) Providing a desired ability of reflection-absorption of heat and light
What are the characteristics of a good paint?
A paint has to satisfy the following criteria in order to be classified as good:
(i) Uniform spread as a thin film
(ii) Good workability
(iii) High durability
(iv) High coverage
(v) Sufficient elasticity to remain unaffected by either expansion or contraction of the surface
(vi) Resistance to water and air
What are the classifications of paints?
The internet is rife with questions like What are the types of paints? Well, here’s the answer. To start with, paints are classified into two main categories.
(a) Solvent-borne paints (Oil based paints):
Oil based paints constitute up to 80% of binders, pigments and additives dispersed in organic solvents.
Advantages of oil based paints:
(i) Ability to dry quickly
(ii) Provide attractive gloss
(iii) Provide hard, durable finish
(iv) Good choice for high moisture surroundings (kitchen, bathroom etc.)
(v) Provide good leveling
Disadvantages of oil based paints:
(i) Emission of strong toxic fumes that can be overwhelming
(ii) Cannot be washed with water
(iii) Need special solvents, like Turpentine, to remove paint remnants on the paint brushes
(b) Water-borne paints (Water based paints):
The majority of paints commonly used are water based paints. These paints constitute water as the paint solvent.
Advantages of water based paints:
(i) Low emission of toxic fumes compared to oil based paints
(ii) Provide consistent and reliable color over time, and doesn’t appear washed out in sunlight
(iii) Provide easy cleanup with water
(iv) High ease of use compared to oil based paints
(v) No mildew growth
(vi) Can be used on almost any surface
Disadvantages of water based paints:
(i) Sometimes less preferable to oil based paints because of the latter’s ability to provide smooth finish
(ii) Troublesome and cumbersome to apply on a surface that’s been previously coated with oil based paints
How to pick the right color of paint?
It could be overwhelming to select the right color of paint because of the availability of wide range of colors. It’s important to ensure that the colors chosen by you co-ordinate well with each other from room to room and from interior to exterior.
(i) Consider the shape and size of the room. It’s widely known that a color with lighter shade has the ability to make a small room feel more spacious, while a color with darker shade can make a humongous room seem smaller and comfortable.
(ii) Paint, through its color, has the ability to either highlight a room’s features or conceal them. Hence it’s important to pick a color that complements the architecture and furniture of the room.
(iii) Consider the main purpose of the room. A color with warm hue in the living room can provide a warm and comfortable atmosphere for the people in the room.
(iv) It’s always a good idea to go ahead with your favorite colors. If you’re unsure about zeroing in one color, have a look at the color of the dresses you wear that make you feel good.
What are the best brands for paints?
Paints are manufactured by lot of companies, and the following is the list of the top 10 brands that manufacture paints in India:
1. Nerolac Paints
2. Asian Paints
3. Berger Paints
4. Jotun Paints
5. Dulux Paints
6. Snowcem Paints
7. Shalimar Paints
8. Mysore Paints
9. Jenson & Nicholson Paints
10. Pidilite Paints
Buy paints online for low and cheap prices at L1supply.com. Paints from all major brands – Asian, Nerolac, Berger, Jotun, Dulux, etc. – are available. Visit www.L1supply.com for more details. For bulk orders and enquiries, please call us at 044 – 4850 4850.